Dr. Gautam Goyal is a lead consultant for the Medical & Hemato-Oncology at Max Super Speciality Hospital, Mohali. Dr. Goyal trained in MD (Internal Medicine) from CSMMU (KGMC), Lucknow before initiating his career in Hemato-Oncology. He completed his DM (Medical Oncology) from Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai and is ECMO (ESMO Certified Medical Oncologist).
Lungs are two spongy organs in the chest that take in oxygen when inhaled and release carbon dioxide when exhaled. Lung cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the lungs. Lung cancer is a condition that causes cells to divide in the lungs uncontrollably. This causes the growth of tumors that reduce a person’s ability to breathe. Lung cancer claims more lives each year than do colon, prostate, ovarian and breast cancers combined. People who smoke have the greatest risk of lung cancer. Most cancers that start in the lung, known as primary lung cancers, are carcinomas. The two main types are small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The most common symptoms are coughing (including coughing up blood), weight loss, shortness of breath, and chest pains.
Symptoms for lung cancer usually appears at a later stage including
- appetite loss
- changes to a person’s voice, such as hoarseness
- frequent chest infections, such as bronchitis or pneumonia
- lingering cough that may start to get worse
- shortness of breath
- unexplained headaches
- weight loss
Diagnosis includes imaging studies (Computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET) scans), tissue sampling of lung tissue to test for potentially cancerous cells, lab testing (sputum testing or blood testing). Early diagnosis of lung cancer can be lifesaving. This is because lung cancer cells can travel to other areas of the body before a doctor detects them in the lungs. The staging of cancer indicates how far it has spread through the body and its severity. This classification helps clinicians support and direct treatment for the best results. Each stage determines whether cancer has or has not spread or has spread to nearby lymph nodes. It may also take into account the number and size of the tumors. The lymph nodes are part of the lymphatic system, which connects to the rest of the body. If cancer reaches these, it can metastasize, or spread further, becoming more dangerous. Lung cancer treatment often involves the collaboration of medical experts in many areas. These specialists may include:
• radiation oncologists
• specialists in lung treatment called pulmonologists
• pulmonary therapists
Treatments for lung cancer depend on its location and stage, as well as the overall health of the individual. Surgery and radiation are the most common approaches to treating lung cancer.
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With vast experience of 12 years & work in the prestigious TMH, Mumbai for over 5 years, he is widely appreciated for his clinical judgement, operative skills and state of art care for patients with all types and stages of cancer. His main area of interest includes breast cancer with breast conservation surgeries and oncoplasty.