Dr. Gautam Goyal is a lead consultant for the Medical & Hemato-Oncology at Max Super Speciality Hospital, Mohali. Dr. Goyal trained in MD (Internal Medicine) from CSMMU (KGMC), Lucknow before initiating his career in Hemato-Oncology. He completed his DM (Medical Oncology) from Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai and is ECMO (ESMO Certified Medical Oncologist).
Blood cancers, or hematologic cancers, affect the production and function of blood cells. Most of these cancers start in the bone marrow where blood is produced. Common types of blood cancer include:
• Leukemia: Cancer that originates in blood-forming tissue.
• Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: Cancer that develops in the lymphatic system from cells called lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell that helps the body fight infections.
• Hodgkin lymphoma: Cancer that develops in the lymphatic system from cells called lymphocytes. Hodgkin lymphoma is marked by the presence of an abnormal lymphocyte called the Reed-Sternberg cell (or B lymphocyte).
• Multiple myeloma: Cancer that begins in the blood’s plasma cells, a type of white blood cell that is made in the bone marrow.
Some common blood cancer symptoms include:
• Fever, chills
• Persistent fatigue, weakness
• Loss of appetite, nausea
• Unexplained weight loss
• Night sweats
• Bone/joint pain
• Abdominal discomfort
• Shortness of breath
• Frequent infections
• Itchy skin or skin rash
• Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, underarms, groin
Treatment for blood cancer depends on the type of cancer, your age, how fast the cancer is progressing, where the cancer has spread and other factors. Some common blood cancer treatments include:
• Stem cell transplantation: A stem cell transplant infuses healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body. Stem cells can be collected from the bone marrow, circulating (peripheral) blood and umbilical cord blood.
• Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs designed to interfere with and halt the growth of cancer cells in the body. Chemotherapy for blood cancer sometimes consists of giving several drugs together in a set regimen. It may also be given before a stem cell transplant.
• Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy may be used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve pain or discomfort. It may also be given before a stem cell transplant.
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With vast experience of 12 years & work in the prestigious TMH, Mumbai for over 5 years, he is widely appreciated for his clinical judgement, operative skills and state of art care for patients with all types and stages of cancer. His main area of interest includes breast cancer with breast conservation surgeries and oncoplasty.