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Cancer cells are cells that have lost control of their ability to divide in a controlled fashion creating a group of out-of-control, dividing and growing cancer cells – a tumour. Tumours induce blood vessel growth (angiogenesis). They may grow quickly or slowly.
Cancer is caused by damage to the DNA (genetic material) within our cells. Damage to the DNA happens in all normal cells, but the majority of this damage is repaired by our own body. Sometimes this damage is not repaired properly, which can lead to changes in the properties of the cell (for example cells may acquire the ability to grow and divide rapidly). Accumulated DNA damage can eventually lead to cancer
Yes, smoking a cigarette, beedi, hookah, pipe or cigar increases your chance of getting cancers, some of them being preventable. Eating pan with tobacco and chewing tobacco increases your chance of getting cancers of the head and neck (mouth, lips, nose and sinuses, voice box, throat), esophagus (swallowing tube), stomach, pancreas, kidney, bladder, uterus, cervix, colon, rectum, ovary and acute myeloid leukemia (blood cancer)
Studies have shown that people who drink alcohol are more likely to get mouth cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer, bowel cancer, and throat cancer, which includes pharyngeal cancer, laryngeal cancer and cancer of the food pipe (oesophagus)
It is difficult to recognize cancer in the early stages since it produces few symptoms. One should be aware of the warning symptoms and signs of the common cancers. The best way to pick up cancer early is to have regular health checkups and undergo screening for different cancers
Cancer can spread in different ways. 1) It may directly invade the neighbouring tissues. 2) Cancerous cells may enter the lymphatic stream and be carried to lymph nodes. 3) Cancer cells may also pass through the blood stream to other parts of the body
Yes. Some cancers can be diagnosed early if the patient is aware of the warning symptoms and consults a health care provider in time. Cancers that have been diagnosed and treated early have a better survival than those treated in advanced stages
Yes, early detection and treatment can lead to the complete cure of some cancers. Many cancer patients can return to their normal life activities during the treatment also